Mindset Force Management LLC

  Class Listings

Law Enforcement Classes

As our name eludes, Mindset Force Management, LLC provides more than innovative and researched skills, tactics and techniques training. We offer a model and process that allows officers to make quick decisions with confidence under threat and have the skills to execute. We provide use of force instructors with comprehensive advanced training and research on how to assess the "root causes" of use of force. We found it surprising there was little to no training for Professional Standards/Internal Affairs, supervisors, and managers on how to assess, supervise, and manage use of force.

​Risk cannot be removed from use of force; it only can be minimized and managed. There are Four Elements of Reasonable Force: knowledge, skills, decision-making, and documentation. All four must be at a minimum level of proficiency in order for risk to be minimized. Weakness in just one element greatly increases the risk use of force can't be justified in court or public opinion. Although these elements apply to any position in an agency, how they are trained and used are different. Using force in the field is a different skill set than instructing it. Assessing and supervising use of force is different than using it; as well as managing use of force needs different skills than supervising. In order for use of force risk to be minimized, accurate identification of risk is needed before management of risk can begin. All reasonable use of force should be a result of training, policy, and supervision. Just as important, use of force failures should not be a result of a lack of training, poor policy, and/or supervision. 

Our training provides advanced understanding and application of the Four Elements of Reasonable Force specific to the job function. For risk to be minimized, there also must be an ethical component. It is not enough to be legally justified. Everything legal is not always ethical. Just because a good policy or best practice says one can, doesn't mean one should. How officers make decisions, especially under rapidly evolving circumstances and varying levels of threat it critical. What process does your agency use? Most don't have one. Most basic law enforcement training only provides decision-making models and stress the need to make good decisions, but do not provide a practical process to use particularly in tense situations requiring quick decisions. Many specialized instructor courses do not provide one. How do supervisors or investigators assess decision-making? How does command staff assess this element accurately and improve risk? We provide this training at all levels.


Below are descriptions of some of our courses. Class dates are listed at the bottom of the course description. Click the course button at the bottom of the course description or go to the Registration tab at the top of the page to register for a given course. If you would like to host a course or have us design a targeted training contact us and we will send you hosting requirements (click contact tab above).

Use of Force Assessment and Risk Management for Supervisors (Managing Risks in Use of Force Encounters Supervisor) - 1 day

Who should attend: Field Training Officers, Instructors, Professional Standards/Internal Affairs, Sergeants, Lieutenants, or managers who assess use of force

This course focuses on individual use of force assessment by instructors and supervisors. Understanding and applying the four elements of reasonable force (Knowledge, Skills, Decision Making, Documentation) are given.  "Root Cause" analysis skills are developed to differentiate between symptoms and causes.   This course breaks down decision making and documentation into processes that can be evaluated objectively. Understanding how to request additional clarity and detail from officers/deputies without corrupting the process is an important skill to understand and  practice. This assessment process can be applied to evaluate performance in all use of force training (BLET, in-service, remedial) as well. The design of this course also improves instructor and supervisor risk management for failing to train and/or supervise in both the training and field environment. This course provides the basis for evaluating force incident risk in the following areas: Criminal/Civil, employment, decision making, and stress management. Accurate force risk assessment of incidents and training allow for better management and predictability of future incidents. This allows instructors/supervisors to be proactive in their duties and provide command staff a more accurate understanding of not just individual force risk, but agency force risk management.

Upcoming Classes:
January 22, 2020 Greer, SC


January 24, 2020 Greer, SC

March 12, 2020  Disputanta, VA (reserved for Crater Criminal Justice Academy)

April 28, 2020 Disputanta, VA (Cancelled due to  pandemic - reschedule TBA)

May 19, 2020 Fairfax, VA  (Cancelled due to  pandemic - reschedule TBA)


​Use of Force Risk Management for Officers (Managing Risks in Use of Force Encounters for Officers) - 1 day  

This course is part of the Use of Force Risk Management series and is designed for the frontline officer. Use of Force Risk Management requires an understanding of many factors. Training for officers in Use of Force Risk Management is not provided in BLET. This course provides a clear understanding of use of force risk. With the use of force, risk cannot be eliminated. It can only be minimized and managed. Understanding and applying the four elements of reasonable force (Knowledge, Skills, Decision Making, Documentation) are given in this course. This allows officers to assess their current risk and know how to improve it. Skills in overcoming resistance from  non-compliant  persons and when to safely attempt de-escalation skills are provided. Reasonable force knowledge and skills are not enough to minimize risk. Officers must be proficient in decision-making under threat. This course breaks down decision-making into a process that can be done quickly in rapidly evolving circumstances and does not need to be changed depending upon the level of threat. Force documentation continues to be a high-risk area for officers. This course provides a process for officers to assess their narratives and ensure it contains all relevant information and be able to confidently testify years later.

Upcoming Classes:

October 8, 2019 Raleigh, NC (reserved for NC league of Municipalities)

January 21, 2020 Greer, SC (seats available)

January 23, 2020 Greer, SC (seats available)

January 28, 2020 Woodstock, VA (seats available)

January 29, 2020 Woodstock, VA (seats available)

March 19, 2020 Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, Salisbury, NC (reserved NC league of Municipalities)

March 25, 2020 Raleigh, NC (reserved for North Carolina League of Municipalities)

March 31, 2020 Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, Salisbury, NC (Cancelled due to  pandemic - reschedule TBA)

Advanced Conducted Electrical Weapons Instructor Risk Management Course (1 day)

Who should attend: Conducted Electrical Weapon Instructors/Master Instructors

This course is a supplemental certification to the manufacturer's instructor and master instructor courses. If your agency is conducting one day CEW certification, you risk management is likely much higher than you have assessed. This course is designed to significantly improve a CEW instructor's comprehensive knowledge of conducted electrical weapons knowledge, training, and risk management. Manufacturer instructor and master instructor courses do not and have never included justified use or recommends any tactics.

  • The Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) 2011 Electronic Control Device Guideline states "Agencies should not rely solely on training curriculum provided by an ECW (Electronic Control Weapon) manufacturer." (Full PERF Publication)

This advanced instructor course provides greater detail on technical, medical, legal, and training issues of conducted electrical weapons.  This course is the result of over 10 years of research on CEWs and over twenty years of law enforcement use of force training experience.  Training considerations specific to Conducted Electrical Weapons (CEW) and their liability are provided.  Detailed Circuit Court of Appeals cases are reviewed well beyond the manufacturer's curriculum as well as medical research, and selected cases of misuse and abuse of CEWs.  Training research that affects the instruction of CEWs and policy/training risk management are covered. 

Have you upgraded to the TASER X26P or X2 models? There is a difference in the pain and incapacitation ratings compared to the TASER X26. Weapon retention, weapons confusion, curriculum design and in-service training are part of the course.  This instructor course is based on one of the most comprehensive CEW programs in the country.

Exposure training is not included in this course. It is recommended that attendees have completed voluntary exposure training to improve comprehension of information provided in this course.  This course is detailed and technical and requires a strong knowledge of CEWs and the reasonable use of force.  Manufacturer's instructor or master instructor certification is a prerequisite.   

Upcoming Classes:

April 23, 2020 Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, Salisbury, NC (Cancelled due to  pandemic - reschedule TBA)

Use of Force Risk Management for Managers (1 day)  

Use of Force Risk Management requires an understanding of many factors. Training for managers in the skill of assessing and evaluating use of force risk management is often not provided in management training because this is a profession specific function. With the use of force, risk cannot be eliminated. It can only be minimized and managed. Defending an officer's/deputy’s actions goes beyond the facts of the incident. Also, an officer/deputy at some point will make a mistake in the use of force. Is you agency prepared at all levels to manage this risk?

There are four elements that must be performed at a minimum level for an officer/deputy to have a reasonable use of force with low risk management. These are force knowledge, force skills, force decision making, and force documentation. Weak ability in any one of these increases risk management greatly. Supervision, assessment, and management of these four elements requires additional skills than simply being able to perform them as an officer/deputy in the field. Policy, procedures, police-community relationship, and labor-management relationship understanding are also factors in assessing overall risk management. An officer/deputy can use force reasonably by legal standards but still have high risk management because of other controllable factors not performed well. 

This course provides managers with an understanding of the four elements of reasonable force and how to objectively assess each to include stress management. Risk assessment of common uses of force (restraining, pepper spray, conducted electrical weapons, etc.) are given as well as how to assess and manage risk in policies, procedures, supervision, and training.

Upcoming Classes:

Use of Force: Knowledge, Skills, Decision Making, and Evaluation (Instructor) - 2 day     

Who should attend: Use of Force Instructors for the following: firearms, defensive tactics, subject control, conducted electrical weapons, pepper spray, reality based training, subject matter experts

There are four elements that must be present at a minimum level in order to have a use of force to be reasonable. This course provides instructor level knowledge in all four. Selected Supreme Court and Circuit Courts of Appeals cases are covered to provide a comprehensive understanding of use of force assessment and risk management. Applied use of force concepts reduce the likelihood of the "silo" effect between use of force areas (firearms, defensive tactics, communication, etc.). Understanding and being able to assess common physical skills used in law enforcement improves practical effectiveness and prevents training scars. 

Knowledge and Physical skills are not enough for officers to have the ability to use force reasonably. Research indicates our brains want to make decisions differently under stress than without it. All law enforcement decision making models do not address this key factor. Also, current models are too broad and are not brought down to the process level. In other words, they are not practical for field use and fail under rapidly evolving circumstances. We have designed "Branched Force Decision Making" specifically for law enforcement. This is a binary decision making process that works with the stress response. It improves decision making speed while managing stress. It gives officers the ability to act reasonably, assess, and critically think in the moment. It is simple and does not need to be changed for different levels of threat. This process utilizes de-escalation skills without compromising safety or the need to act immediately. It allows for improved recall of critical thinking and decision making for documentation. Since this is a process it can be objectively evaluated and assessed.

The final element skill that must be present is documentation and evaluation of force. For this element we have created the 5-Step Clarity/Detail Loop. This documentation process organizes the "who, what, where, when, why, and how" of a use of force in a logical, simple process. It provides a platform that prevents leading or corrupting questions by managers and subject matter experts. These "loops" provide easy locating points for ease of recall and testimony. This process is universal for officers, supervisors, Professional Standards, instructors, and Command Staff.

This course provides instructors the basis to evaluate training, curriculum, force policies, and procedures in order to identify instructor risks in use of force training and how to manage it.

Prerequisite:  Firearms Instructor, Defensive Tactics Instructor, Subject Control Instructor, Internal Affairs/Professional Standards, or in a position that requires the assessment/evaluation of force.

Upcoming Classes:

April 13-14, 2020  Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, Salisbury, NC(Cancelled due to  pandemic - reschedule TBA)